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                            同力英語大綱、技巧(含2017試題及答案)

                            [ 作者: 方舟教育 | 時間:2020/2/17 | 瀏覽:740次 ]
                            [ 關鍵詞:同力英語大綱、技巧(含2017試題及答案)]

                            統考英語考試大綱

                            當前正在使用的(第六版)同等學力申碩英語統一考試大綱,與原有大綱相比,新大綱

                            取消試卷二得分的有關要求。

                            一、指導思想

                            為了客觀地測試以同等學力申請碩士學位人員(以下簡稱同等學力人員)的英語水平,保

                            證學位授予的質量,根據國務院學位委員會辦公室關于修訂《同等學力人員申請碩士學位英

                            語水平全國統一考試大綱》的要求以及相關會議的精神,在總結近幾年來同等學力人員英語

                            水平統一考試經驗的基礎上,結合同等學力人員學習英語的特點,開展了第五次修訂工作并

                            形成新的考試大綱(第六版)。

                            本考試大綱要求通過教學使學生具有較好的用英語獲取信息的能力和一定的用英語傳

                            遞信息的能力。這就要求考生具有較強的閱讀理解能力,一定的口語交際能力和語篇信息處

                            理能力,同時也必須具有一定的英譯漢能力和寫作能力。本考試旨在測試考生是否達到大綱

                            所規定的各項要求和具有大綱所規定的各項語言運用能力。

                            二、評價目標

                            本考試重點考查考生的英語口語交際、閱讀、語篇完形處理、英譯漢和寫作等技能(

                            于技術上的原因,本考試暫時取消聽力測試,口語交際技能的測試采用書面形式進行?忌

                            聽力能力的測試由各院校在考生學習期間進行)?忌鷳在詞匯知識、語法知識、口語交際

                            能力、閱讀理解能力、語篇完形處理能力、英譯漢能力和寫作能力等方面分別達到以下要求:

                            ()詞匯

                             掌握約6000 個英語詞匯和約700 個常用詞組(見附錄一和附錄二)。對6000 個詞匯中

                            2800 個左右的積極詞匯(詞匯表中用黑體標出的詞)要求熟練掌握,即能在口語交際和寫

                            作中準確地運用;其余詞匯則要求能在閱讀、語篇完形處理和英譯漢等過程中識別和理解。

                             (二)語法

                             掌握英語的基本語法知識、常用句型和結構,能正確理解包含這些知識、句型和結構的

                            句子和語篇。

                            ()口語交際

                             能用英語進行日?谡Z交流。對于生活、學習和工作中的常見英語交流,能理解交流情

                            景、說話人的意圖和會話的含義,并能運用相應的知識和判斷進行恰當的交流。能正確理解

                            英語口語中常見的習慣用法。

                            (四)閱讀

                             能綜合運用英語語言知識和閱讀技能讀懂一般性題材的文章、廣告等應用性文本和博客

                            及跟帖等互動形式的閱讀材料。要求能抓住大意,讀懂細節,能理解上下文的邏輯關系,并

                            能領會和分辨作者或話語參與各方的主要意圖和態度及其異同等。

                             (五)語篇完形處理

                             在理解閱讀材料的基礎上能綜合運用詞匯、語法、搭配、語段、篇章邏輯等方面的知識

                            和上下文等對語篇各層次的信息進行正確判斷和完形處理。

                             ()英譯漢

                            20

                            能在不借助詞典的情況下,把一般性題材的文章及科普文章中的段落從英語譯成漢語,

                            能準確表達原文的意思,語句通順,用詞基本正確,無重大語言錯誤。

                            (七)寫作

                            具有用書面英語表達思想和見解的基本能力。所寫文章應切合主題,能正確表達思想,

                            意義連貫,無重大語言錯誤。

                            三、題型、題量、分值及參考答題時間

                            本考試所制定的試卷共有七個部分,包括口語交際、詞匯、閱讀理解、完形填空、短文

                            完成、英譯漢和寫作。卷面滿分為100 分,考試時間共計150 分鐘。

                            第一部分口語交際

                            本部分共設10 題,每題1分,考試時間為15 分鐘。本部分包括A、B兩節,節為完成

                            對話,節為完成訪談或問答等。在每段對話、訪談或問答等口語轉寫材料中設置34

                            空白,并在材料前給出同等數量的出自材料本身的備選答案。要求考生從備選答案中為每個

                            空白選出一個最佳答案,使轉寫材料完整。

                            第二部分詞匯

                            本部分共設10題,每題1分,考試時間為10 分鐘。本部分設選擇替換和選擇填空兩種

                            題型,每次考試只采用其中一種。選擇替換要求考生根據句意對句中帶下畫線的一個詞或詞

                            組進行替換選擇,即從所給的4個備選答案中選出一個最佳替換詞或詞組。選擇填空要求

                            考生根據句意對句中的一個空白進行填空選擇,即從所給的個備選答案中選出最佳答案

                            并填入空白處,使句子完整。

                            第三部分閱讀理解

                            部分共設25題,每題分,考試時間為45 分鐘。本部分包括A、B節,節為段落

                            閱讀,節的閱讀形式可以是博客與跟帖或相關短文閱讀、短文主題快讀、廣告瀏覽等。A

                            要求考生在對閱讀材料理解的基礎上從所給的個備選答案中選出一個最佳答案。節除了

                            四選一以外,還可以在幾份閱讀材料的相應位置設置若干個空白,同時在它們前面提供同等

                            數量的備選答案,要求考生根據考題指令從備選答案中為每個空白選出一個最佳答案。

                            第四部分完形填空

                            本部分共設10 題,每題分,考試時間為10 分鐘。本部分在一篇難度

                            適中的短文中設置10個空白,每個空白給出4個備選答案,要求考生從所給備選答案中

                            選出一個最佳答案,使短文完整。

                            第五部分短文完成

                            本部分共設20 題,每題分,考試時間為20 分鐘。本部分共有篇短文,每篇短

                            文自身有3個空白。同時,每篇短文前面又設有3個帶有個空白的語言段。這些

                            語言段前設有方框,其中為每個語言段的空白提供了相應的備選答案。短文和語言段共設置

                            21

                            20 個空白。本部分要求考生在理解短文和語言段的基礎上完成兩項任務:一是從語言段前

                            面的方框中所設的備選答案中選出一個最佳答案分別填入各個語言段的空白處,使相應的語

                            言段完整;二是從短文前的3個語言段選項中選出一個最佳答案分別填入短文的相應空

                            白處。兩項任務完成后應該使短文完整。

                            第六部分英譯漢

                            本部分要求考生把一段100詞左右的英語短文翻譯成漢語,共10 分,考

                            試時間為20分鐘。要求譯文意思準確,文字通順。第七部分寫作

                            本部分要求考生在規定時間內,按照話題和提綱的要求用英語寫出一篇不少150 詞的短

                            文,共15 分,考試時間為30 分鐘。本部分的考試形式還可以是看圖作文、描述圖表或根

                            據一篇所給的文章寫出內容提要或讀后感等。

                            四、題型、題量、記分及參考答案時間一覽表同等學力申請碩士學位人員英語水平考試的題

                            型、題量、記分及參考答題時間如下:

                            一、打好基礎,攻克詞匯大關

                            詞匯是同等學力英語學習的基礎,考生需要從現在開始積累詞匯,但并不是要求考生將所有

                            詞匯都要熟記。在記憶詞匯的過程中,要避免盲目求新、求多,正確的做法是根據大綱要求

                            將英語詞匯分為積極詞匯和非積極詞匯,在有限的時間內,才能真正記憶住詞匯。

                            二、對待錯題,理解并吃透

                            同等學力英語備考期間可以把練習中每道錯題記下來,進行透徹的分析,把真正錯誤的原因

                            進行歸類匯總,然后對知識點進行強加復習。才能熟悉掌握命題人的出題特點,也能把握住

                            自己的薄弱之處。

                            三、攻克閱讀理解,從句子結構開始

                            閱讀理解是同等學力英語考試中比較讓人頭疼的題型,環球卓越名師建議大家:熟練掌握各

                            種從句、插入語、非謂語形式等?颊Z法點,認認真真分析句子結構,練習快速分解長難句

                            的方法,這有助于理解閱讀題當中的長難句,提高閱讀理解做題速度和正確率。

                            四、掌握寫作技巧,提高寫作成績

                            可以通過一些文章來增加同等學力英語寫作方面的素材積累,在平時的復習過程中從熟悉文

                            章結構,選詞造句,句型變換,修辭方法等方面掌握寫作的技巧。

                            對于2020年的考生來說,如果能提前開始學習,正確掌握以上同等學力英語復習四大技巧并

                            合理的利用,那么,同等學力英語水平一定會得到提升。

                            2017年同等學力英語真題及答案

                            PartIOral Communcication (10points)

                            SectionA

                            Directions:Inthissectiontherearetwoincompletedialoguesandeachdialogue hasthreeblanksandthreechoicesA,BandC,takenfromthedialogue.Fill

                            ineachoftheblankswithoneofthechoicestocompletethedialogueandmarkyour answer on the Answer Sheet.

                            DialogueOne

                            A.When is it takingplace?

                            B.A.When is it taking place?

                            C.C.That'll be interesting.

                            Alice:We'rehavinga meeting tomonow. Can you make it?

                            Kevin:1

                            Alice: We're planning at10 o'clock. Is thatOK?

                            Kevin: Yes, that'll befine.

                            Alice: We're going to goover last quarter's sales figures.

                            Kevin: Good. I have someinput I'd like to make.

                            Alice:Frankisalsogoingtomakesomesuggestionsonimprovingthebottomline.

                            Kevin;2He'sgot keen insights.

                            Alice: Yes, he's going to outline some new sales strategies.

                            Kevin:3

                            Alice: No, he's flying toSan Francisco and won't be able to make it.

                            Kevin: Oh well, maybehe'll phone in.

                            DialogueTwo

                            A.I'll drop by there onmy way to class today.

                            B.I thought you liked theapartment.

                            C.I've decided to lookfor a new place.

                            Roger: Hello.

                            Ann; Hello Roger, This isAnn.

                            Roger: Oh hi, Ann. Howhave you been? How's your new apartment working out?

                            Ann: Well, that's whatI'm calling about. You see,4 Roger:Oh, what's the problem with your place now?5

                            Ann:Oh,Ido,butit'salittlefar fromcampus,andthecommuteisjustkilling me. Do you think you could help? Ithought you might know more about the housing

                            situation near theschool,

                            Roger:Well,Iknowthere'sanapartmentcomplexaroundthecornerthatseemstohave

                            a few vacancies.6

                            25 

                            Ann: Hey, thanks a lot.

                            Roger:No problem.

                            SectionB

                            Directions:Inthissectionthereisoneincompleteinterviewwhichhasfourblanks

                            andfourchoicesA,B,CandD),takenfromtheinterview.Fillineachoftheblanks

                            withoneofthechoicestocompletetheinterviewandmarkyouranswerontheAnswer

                            Sheet.

                            A.Thanks, Rachel.

                            B.That's what we did.

                            C.we were all talkingabout some TV shows.

                            D.it's a real honor tohave you here.

                            Maddow:JoiningusnowfortheinterviewisHillaryClinton,formersecretaryofstate,

                            formersenator,formerfirstlady.SecretaryClinton,7Thankyoufor

                            being here.

                            Clinton: It's great to behere with you.8

                            Maddow:Whatdoesapersondoafter11hoursoftestimony?Yourethe onlyhuman

                            beingIknowofonEarththathasdone11straighthours.Whatdidyoudoafterthat?

                            Clinton:Well,IhadmywholeteamcomeovertomyhouseandwesataroundeatingIndian

                            food and drinking wineand beer.9It was great.

                            Maddow:Andwasitlike,"Let'sjusttalkaboutTV,let'snottalkaboutwhatjust

                            happened?"

                            Clinton:Yes.Yes,10Itwasgreatjusttohavethatchancetothank

                            thembecausetheydidaterrificjob, youknow,kindofbeingtherebehindmeand

                            getting me ready.

                            PartIIVocabulary (10 points)

                            Directions:In this part there arc ten sentences, eachwith one word or phrase

                            underlined.ChoosetheonefromthefourchoicesmarkedA,B,CandDthatbestkeeps

                            the meaning of thesentence. Mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.

                            11.Thespeciallydevelopedskinpaintwillwearoffin2-4days,butcanberemoved

                            instantly with alcohol.

                            A.remainB.dryC.workD.disappear

                            12.She was tired of hisconstant complaining and did't want totoleratehim

                            anymore.

                            A.catch up to B.put up withC.come up

                            withD.liveup to

                            26

                            13.The supporters of eitherparty haverationalized their

                            ownopinioninterms ofargument.

                            A.with regard toB.in contrast toC.in addition

                            toD.as opposedto

                            14.Howisitpossiblethalsuchwidespreaddeceptionhascometotakeplaceright

                            under our noses?

                            A.delayB,damageC.fraudD.shock

                            15.Itisnotyetclearwhetherthedeletionofdataatthetroubledbankwasaccidental

                            ordeliberate.

                            A.obviousB.intentionalC.surprisingD.

                            foolish

                            16.When required to eatvegetables, many children only do soreluctantly.

                            A.automaticallyB.anxiouslyC.obediently

                            D.unwillingly

                            17.Recently,theInternethasgivenrisetoanewtypeofmarketplace.

                            A.createdB.conceivedC.increasedD.improved

                            18.Another 1,000 workersweredismissedwhen ihe machinery plant was in

                            difficulties.

                            A.taken offB.driven offC.put

                            offD.laidoff

                            19.Creditcreatesthefalseideathatyoucanownthingswithoutpayingforthem.

                            A. imageB. illusionC. imagination D. impression

                            20. For the audience tobetter understandthe new concept,the

                            professorelaboratedit with many examples.

                            A. summarized B.concluded C. classified D. explained

                            PartIIIReading Comprehension (25points)

                            SectionA

                            Directions:In this section, there are four passagesfollowed by qucsiions or

                            unfinishedstalements,eachwithfoursuggestedanswersA,B,CandD.Choosethe

                            best answer and mark youranswer on the Answer Sheet.

                            27

                            PassageOne

                            Under the rightcircumstances, choosing to spend time alone can be a huge

                            psychological blessing.In the 1980s, the Italian journalist andauthor Tiziano

                            Terzani.aftermanyyearsofreportingacrossAsia,holedhimselfupinacabinin

                            IbarakiPrefecture,Japan."ForamonthIhadnoonetotalktoexceptmydogBaoli,"

                            hewroteinhisbookAFortuneTellerToldMe.Terzanipassedthetimewithbooks,

                            observing nature,"listening to ihe winds in the trees, watching butterflies,

                            enjoyingsilence"Forthefirsttimeinalongwhilehefeltfreefromtheunending

                            anxieties of dailylife:"At last I had timeto have time."

                            Terzanis embrace ofisolationwas relatively unusual: Humans have long

                            consideredsolitudeaninconvenience,somethingtoavoid,apunishment,arealm

                            ofloners.Sciencehasoftenassociateditwithnegativeoutcomes.Freud,wholinked

                            solitudewithanxiety,notedthat,"inchildrenthefirstfearsrelatingtosituatious

                            arethoseofdarknessandsolitude."JohnCacioppo,amodernsocialneuro-scientist

                            whohasextensivelystudiedlonelinesswhathecallschronicperceivedisolation

                            contendsthat,beyonddamagingourthinkingpowers,isolationcanevenharmour

                            physicalhealth.Butincreasinglyscientistsareapproachingsolitudeassomething

                            that, when pursued bychoice, can prove a therapy.

                            Thisisespeciallytrueintimesofpersonaldisorder,whentheinstinctisoften

                            forpeopletoreachoutsideofthemselvesforsupport.Whenpeopleareexperiencingcrisisit'snotalwaysjustaboutyou:It'sabouthowyouareinsociety,"explains

                            JackFong,asociologistatCaliforniaStatePolytechnicUniversitywhohasstudiedsolitude.

                            Inotherwords,whenpeopleremovethemselvesfromthesocialcontextoftheirlives,

                            theyarebetterabletoseehowthey'reshapedbythatcontext.ThomasMerton,amonk

                            andwriterwhospentyearsalone,heldasimilarnotion."Wecannotseethingsin

                            perspective until we cease tohug them to our breast,he writes inThoughts

                            inSolitude."peoplecangoforawalkorlistentomusicandfeelthattheyare

                            deeply in touch with themselves.

                            21.Tiziano Terzani spent amonth alone to______.

                            A.embrace isolationB. study butterflies

                            C. write a bookD. look after his dog

                            22.The word"solitude",(Para. 2) is closest inmeaning to "_____".

                            A.growing anxiousB. feeling empty

                            C. being helplessD. staying alone

                            28

                            23.The opinions of Freud andCacioppo are cited to show that_____.

                            A.children tend to feardarkness and solitude

                            B. solitude pursued bychoice can be a therapy

                            C. chronic isolation canharm interpersonal relations

                            D. solitude has long beenlinked with negative outcomes

                            24.According to Jack Fong,the sense of personal crisis may be influenced

                            by_____.

                            A. an isolated lifestyleB. mental disorder

                            C. low seif-esteemD. social context

                            25.The main idea of thepassage is that.

                            A.solitudeshould be avoided at all costs

                            B. anxieties of dailylife may cause personal crisis

                            C.choosing to spend timealone can be a blessing

                            D. seeking support isuseless for tackling personal crisis

                            PassageTwo

                            Scienceisfinallybeginningtoembraceanimalswhowere,foralongtime,considered

                            second-class citizens.

                            AsAnniePottsofCanterburyUniversityhasnoted,chickensdistinguishamongone

                            hundred chicken faces andrecognize familiar individuals even after months of

                            separation.Whengivenproblemstosolve,theyreason:henstrainedtopickcolored

                            buttonssometimeschoosetogiveupanimmediate(lesser)foodrewardforaslightly

                            later(andbetter)one.Healthyhensmayaidfriends,andmournwhenthosefriends

                            die.

                            Pigsrespondmeaningfullytohumansymbols.WhenaresearchteamledbyCandaceCroney

                            atPennStateUniversitycarriedwoodenblocksmarkedwithXandOsymbolsaround

                            pigs,onlytheOcarriersofferedfoodtotheanimals.ThepigssoonignoredtheX

                            carriersinfavorofthe0's.Thentheteamswitchedfromreal-lifeobjectstoT-shirts

                            printedwithXorOsymbolsStill,thepigsventuredonlytowardthe0-shirtcdpeople:

                            they had transferredthrir knowledge to a two-dimensional format,

                            anot-inconsiderable featofreasoning.

                            Fairly soon, I came tosee that along with our closest living relatives,

                            cetaceans(鯨目動物)tooaremastersofculturallearning,andelephantsexpress

                            profoundjoyandmourningwiththeirsocialcompanions.Long-termstudiesinthewild

                            onthesemammalshelpedtofuelaperspectiveshiftinoursociety:thepublic no

                            longersoeasilyacceptsmonkeysmadetoundergopainfulproceduresinlaboratories,

                            29

                            elephantsforcedtoperfonnincircuses,anddolphinskeptinsmalltanksattheme

                            parks.

                            Overtime,though,asIbegantobroadenoutevenfurtherandexploretheinnerlives

                            offish,chicken,pigs,goats,amicows,Istartedtowonder:Willthenewscience

                            of"foodanimals"bringanethicalrevolutionintermsofwhoweeat?Inotherwords,

                            willthebreadthofourethicsstart tocatchupwiththebreadthofourscience?

                            Animalactivistsarealreadythere,ofcourse,committedtonoteatingtheseanimals.

                            Butwhatabouttherestofus?Canpayingattentiontothethinkingandfeelingof

                            these animals lead us tomake changes inwho we eat?

                            26.AccordingtoAnniePotts,hens'choiceofalaterandbetterrewardindicates

                            their ability of_____ .

                            A. social interactionB. facial recognition

                            C. logical reasoningD. mutual learning

                            27.The expression"not-inconsiderable feat'' (Para. 3) shows what pigs can do is

                            _____ .

                            A. extraordinary B. weirdC. uniqueD. understandable

                            28.What is Paragraph 4mainly about?

                            A. The similaritiesbetween mammals and humans.

                            B. The necessity oflong-term studies on mammals.

                            C. A change of publicattitude to the treatment of mammals.

                            D.A new discovery of howmammals think and feel.

                            29.What is the author's viewon eating"food animals''?

                            A.He regrets eating thembefore.

                            B.He considers eating them justifiable.

                            C. He is not concernedabout the issue

                            D.He calls for a changein what we eat.

                            30.What is the best titlefor the passage?

                            A.In Praise of FoodAnimals

                            B. Food Animals inScience Reports

                            C. The Inner Lives ofFood Animals

                            D.Food Animals: Past,Present and Future

                            PassageThree

                            30

                            Almosteightdecadesago,theAmericaneducatorAbrahamFlexnerpublishedanarticle

                            entitledThe Usefulness of Useless Knowledge.In it, he argued that ihe most

                            powerfulintellectualandtechnologicalbreakthroughsusuallyemergedfromresearch

                            that initially appeared"useIess", without much relevanceto real life.

                            Asaresult,itwasvital,Flexnersaid,thatthese uselesseffortsshouldbe

                            supported,eveniftheydidnotproduceanimmediatepayback,becauseotherwisethe

                            next wave of innovationsimply would notoccur."Curiosity, whichmayor may not

                            produce something useful,is probably the outstanding characteristic of modern

                            thinking,he declared.

                            In1929.FlexnerpersuadedawealthyAmericanfamily,theBambergers,tousesome

                            oftheirdonationstofundtheInstituteforAdvancedStudy(IAS)atPrincetonto

                            support exactly this kindoft "undirected"research.

                            Anditpaidoff:brilliantJewishscientistsfleeingfromNaziGermany,suchasAlbert

                            Einstein,gatheredattheIAStoexploreundirectedideas.Andwhilesomeofthese,

                            such as Einstein's ownwork developing his earlier theory of relativity, did not

                            initially seem valuable,many eventually produced powerful applications (though

                            after many decades).

                            "WithoutEinstein'stheory,ourGPStrackingdeviceswouldbeinaccuratebyabout

                            seven miles," writesRobbert Dijkgraaf, the current director of the IAS, in the

                            forewordtoanewlyreleasedreprintofFlexner'sarticle.Conceptssuchasquantum

                            mechanics(量子力學)orsuperconductivityalsoseemedfairlyuselessatfirstbut

                            yielded huge dividends ata later date.

                            ThereasonwhytheIASisre-releasingFlexner'sarticlenowisthatscientistssuch

                            as Dijkgraaf fear thiscore principle is increasingly under threat. The Trump

                            administrationhasreleasedaprojectedbudgetthatthreatenstoreducefundingfor

                            arts, science andeducational groups. Many Republicans believe that research is

                            betterfinancedbybusinessorphiianthropists(慈善家)thanbygovernment.But

                            onestrikingfactaboutthepastcenturyishowmuchAmericaninnovationoriginated

                            infederalprojects;SiliconValleywouldneverhaveboomedwereitnotforthefact

                            that state fundingenabled ihe development of the World Wide Web, for example.

                            31.What may be the besttitle for the passage?

                            A.The Value of CreativeIdeas

                            B.The Importance of BasicResearch

                            C. Innovation in SiliconValley

                            D. In Praise of UselessEndeavors

                            31

                            32.According to AbrahamFlexner, what is an important feature of modem thinking?

                            A. Curiosity.B.Application. C. Devotion. D. Passion.

                            33.The "undirected"research (Para. 3)refers toresearch_____.

                            A.notfundedbygovernmentagencies

                            B.withoutanypractical purpose inmind

                            C.withindefiniteexperimental methods

                            D.supportedbynon-profitorganizations

                            34.Examples ofinitially "useless"research include all ofthefollowing EXCEPT_____ .

                            A.quantummechanics

                            B.theory ofrelativity

                            C.superconductivity

                            D.GPStrackingdevices

                            35.Flexner's article was reprintedbecause_____ .

                            A.businesses inSilicon Valley wishtoputpressure onthe government

                            B.Democratsbelievethatgovernment funding should go tosmallbusinesses

                            C.Republicans argue thatscientific research should befinancedbybusinesses

                            D.somescientistsworry thatgovernment willcut its funding for basic research

                            PassageFour

                            In1902,GeorgesMeliesmadeandreleasedamoviecalledATViptotheMoon.Inthismovie,

                            thespaceshipwasasmallcapsule,shapedlikeabullet,thatwasloadedintoagiantcannon

                            andaimed atthemoon.

                            Thismovie wasbased onbookthat cameoutmanyyearsearlierbyanauthornamedJules

                            Verne.OneofthefansofthebookwasaRussianman,KonstantinTsiolkovsky.Thebookmade

                            himthink. Couldone reallyshoot peopleoutofa cannonand havethemgetsafelytothe

                            moon?Hedecidedonecouldn't,butitgothimthinkingofotherwaysonecouldgetpeople

                            tothe moon.Hespenihislifeconsideringthisproblemandcameupwithmanysolutions.

                            SomeofTsiolkovskyssolutionsgavescientistsinAmericaandRussiaideaswhentheybegan

                            tothinkabout spacetravel.Theyalsothoughtaboutairplanestheyand otherpeople had

                            made,andevenbig bombs thatcould fly themselves verylongdistances.

                            Many scientists spentyears working together to solve the problem. They drew and

                            discusseddifferentdesignsuntiltheyagreedontheonesthatwerethebest.Then,

                            theybuiltsmallmodelsofthosedesigns,andtestedandtestedthemuntiltheyfelt

                            32

                            readytobuildevenbiggermodels.Theymadefull-scalerockets,whichtheylaunched

                            withoutanypeopleinside,totestforsafety.Oftentherocketsweren'tsafe,and

                            theyexplodedrightthereonthelaunchpad,orshotoffincrazydirectionslike

                            aballoonthatyoublowupandreleasewithouttyingitfirstAftermany,manytests,

                            theystartedtosendsmallanimalsintospace.Onlyafteralongtimedidtheyever

                            put a person insidea rocketandshoothim into space.

                            Even after they begansending people into space, scientists were still trying to

                            improvetheshapeoftherockets.Thedesignchangedmanytimes,andeventuallyended

                            uplookinglikeahalf-rocketandhalf-airplane.Themachinecalledspaceshuttle

                            wasusedformanyyears.Now,thegovernmentletsprivatecompanies trytheirown

                            designsforspaceships,andtheyhavecomeupwithmanydifferent,crazy-looking

                            machines.

                            36.InthemovieATriptotheMoon,thespaceshipwassenttothemoon_____.

                            A.in a capsuleB.ina bulletC.by a cannon D. by a gun

                            37.The movie was based on abook written by_____ .

                            A.Konstantin TsiolkovskyB. an unknown author

                            C. Georges MeliesD. Jules Verne

                            38.Before the invention of aspaceship, possible solutions of space travel

                            includedall of the following EXCEPT_____ .

                            A.bombsB.balloonsC.airplanesD.

                            rockets

                            39.What is Paragraph 4mainly about?

                            A. It took a long timeand hard work to send a person into space.

                            B.American scientistsworked better than Russian scientists.

                            C.Scientists from Russiaand America had close cooperation.

                            D. The design of therocket was inspired by the movieATrip tothe Moon.

                            40.The word"shoot"(Fara. 4) is closest inmeaning to"_____".

                            A.send with great forceB.break into many pieces

                            C.fix a problemD.attack with a

                            weapon

                            SectionB

                            Directions:In this section, you arerequired to rend one quoted blog and the

                            comments on it. The blogand comments are followed by questions or unfinished

                            33

                            statements,eachwithfoursuggestedanswersAtB,CandD.Choosethebestanswer

                            and mark your aftswer onthe Answer Sheet.

                            In2003,1wastoldbyarestaurantowneronaThaiislandthatlocalfishermenused

                            towraptheirlunchinbananaleaves,whichtheywouldthencasuallytossoverboard

                            whendone.ThatwasOK,becausetheleavesdecayedandthefishatethemall.But

                            inthepastdecade,hesaid,plasticwraphadrapidlyreplacedbananaleaves,sothe

                            beach was edged with acrust of plastic.

                            ThisisaworldwideproblemwecantpointthefingeratThaifishermen.TheUK

                            aloneproducesmorethan170mtonsofwasteeveryyear,muchofitfoodpackaging.

                            Nowweliveinanabsurdagewhereapacketofcookiescanhavesevenlayersofwrapping.

                            Whileithasrevolutionisedthewaywestoreandconsumefood,thereisnowsomuch

                            ofitthatlandfills(垃圾填埋場)cantcope.Someofitispoisonous,andsomeof

                            itneverdegrades.Itcantake450yearsforsometypesofplasticbottletobreak

                            down.Indeed,asRachelleStraussoftheUKsZeroWasteWeeksays,weneveractually

                            throw anything awayit's really just put somewhere else.

                            ltseasytodespairatthescaleofhandlingtheplasticwrap,butitisn'tbeyond

                            humanitytosolveitlookathowtheworldtookactiononCFCs(含氯氟):there

                            aresignsthattheholeintheozonelayerisnowclosing.Foodpackagingoughtto

                            be adoddle.

                            Comment 1:

                            WhileasanindividualIcandomybesttoavoidexcessivepackaging,itisreally

                            onlygovernmentregulationthatcanforcecorporationstochangetheirpractices.

                            Comment 2:

                            Ineverunderstandwhysupermarketchainsinsistoncoveringproductssuchasbananas

                            andcucumbersinplasticwrap.Why?Theyhavetheirownpackaging--theskinorpeel!

                            Comment 3;

                            Ilovepackagingifit'swelldesignedofcourse.Ithelpsusbemorehygienicand

                            practical.Thesolutiontothesepackagingnecessitiesisclearlytoencouragethe

                            use of bio-degradablepackaging.

                            Comment 4:

                            Before,everythingwethrewoutwasbio-degradableandnowit'snot.Guessit'shard

                            to change that behaviorovernight.

                            41.What is the author'sview on the plastic problem in Thailand?

                            34

                            A. The problem is notunique to Thailand.

                            B. There is no pointoverreacting tothe problem.

                            C.Itis important to raise people's awareness.

                            D. The government shouldbe held responsible.

                            42."A packet ofcookies"is mentioned inParagraph 2 to_____ .

                            A. illustrate the problemof excessive packaging

                            B. introduce therevolutionary way of packaging

                            C.reviewthe gradual development of packaging

                            D. emphasizethe necessity of food packaging

                            43.The word doddlePara. 3)probably meanssomething_____ ".

                            A.nolonger usefulB.extremelydifficult

                            C.beyond imaginationD.easilyaccomplished

                            44.Which ofthe comments ispositive aboutpackaging?

                            A.Comment 1. B.Comment 2. C.Comment3. D.Comnienl4.

                            45.Which ofthe following comments pointoutwayslosolve over-packaging?

                            A.Comments 1 and 2.B.Commentsl and 3.

                            C.Comments 2 and 4.D.Comments3 and.4.

                            PartIVCloze(10 points)

                            Directions:Inthispart,thereisapassagewithtenblanks.Foreachblankthere

                            arefourchoicesmarkedA,B,C,andD.Choosethebestanswerforeachblankandmark

                            your answer on theAnswer Sheet.

                            Howmanypeoplecanliveonthefaceoftheearth?Nooneknowstheanswer.Itdepends

                            on how much food peoplecan grow46destroying the

                            environment.

                            More people now existthan ever before, and the

                            population47growing.Every15seconds,about100babiesarcborn.

                            Before the end of thiscentury, the earth may4810 billion

                            people!

                            Tofeedeveryone,farmersmustgrowmorefood,Theyaretryingtodoso.Worldfood

                            productionhasgradually49overtheyears,insomeparts

                            oftheworld,50,thepopulationisgrowingfasterthanthe

                            35

                            foodsupply.Someexpertsfeartheworldwillnotbeabletoproduceenoughfoodfor

                            a51thatnever stops increasing.

                            Togrowmorecropsonthesame52of

                            land,farmersusefertilizersandpesticides(殺蟲劑).Someplantnewkindsofgrains

                            thatproducemorefood.Thesethingshelp53theydon't

                            provideperfectsolutions.Thechemicalsinfertilizersandpesticidescanpollute

                            water supplies. The newseeds developed by scientists have reached

                            the54ofwhat they can produce.

                            When hungry people canget no more out of55field, they

                            cleartreesfromhillsandforestsfornewfarmland,andindoingsotheyexpose

                            thesoil.Thenrainandfloodsmaystripthetopsoilfromfields.Thisprocessis

                            callederosion.Eachyearerosionstealsbillionsoftonsoftopsoilfromfarmers.

                            46.A.withoutB.by

                            C.againstD.for

                            47.A.ceasesB.keeps

                            C.stopsD.stays

                            48.A.maintainB.retain

                            C.holdD.produce

                            49.A. exhaustedB. declinedC.

                            arisenD.risen

                            50.A.howeverB.somehowC.anyway

                            D.furthermore

                            51.A.countryB.nation

                            C.populationD.community

                            52.A.

                            rangeB.amount

                            C.numberD.level

                            53.A.

                            henceB.when

                             C.butD.and

                            54.A. conclusionB.

                            restrictionC.goalD

                            .limit

                            55.A.growingB.survivingC.

                            55.remainingD.existing

                            PartVText Completion (20 point)

                            36

                            Directions:Inthispart,therearethreeincompletetextswith20questions.Above

                            eachtexttherearethreeorfouritemstobecompletedFirst,usethechoicesprovided intheboxtocompletetheitems.Second,usethecompleteditemstofillintheblanks

                            of the text. Mark youranswer on thu Answer Sheet.

                            TextOne

                            A.helps

                            B.while

                            C. messages

                            D.closely

                            Phrases:

                            A.you watched56eatingit

                            B.send nerve57toyour brain

                            C.our noses and our brainare very58connected

                            D.59us rememberthings

                            For years, scientistshave been studying the special powers of smells. It seems that60.Whenyousmellsomething,theodorgoesupyournoseto

                            the smelling zones. Fromhere, sense cells61telling it what you smelled.

                            More than our other foursenses, our sense of smell changes our mood

                            and62.Ifyouweretoldtothinkaboutpopcorn,you'dprobablyrecall

                            itssmell.Andthenyoumightrememberthemovie63.Oursenseof

                            smell also makes us awareof dangerlikethe smell of smoke.

                            TextTwo

                            A.give presentations

                            B.new innovations

                            C.uploaded

                            Phrases:

                            A.howtohelppoorpeoplewithallsortsof64

                            B.all the speeches are65to their website

                            C.66on a variety of topics

                            TEDisasetofconferences,heldinvariouscitiesaroundtheworldeveryyear.With

                            variousspeakersalsofromvariouspartsoftheglobe67,for

                            everyone to see.

                            TEDconferencesinvitespeakcreto68.Thedifferentspeakers

                            areusuallyexpertsintheirfieldandtalkaboutnewideasandrecentdevelopments

                            37

                             thatareimportanttotheirwork.Thespeakersareoftenalsowellknown,withpeople

                            suchasMicrosoftgiantBillGatesandworld-renownedchimpanzeeexpert,JaneGoodall,

                            havinggiventalks.Therearemanytalksonenvironmentalism,forexample,andon

                            internationaldevelopment,aidwork,and69.Whilethetalkscover

                            awidevarietyoftopics,allspeakershaveastricttimelimiteachpresentation

                            must last no longer than18 minutes.

                            TextThree

                            A.to use

                            B.finding

                            C.the way

                            Phrases:

                            A.good at70information

                            B.71their brainswork

                            C.72theirimagination

                            Thetimespentwithtechnologydoesn'tjustgivekidsnewwaysofdoingthings,it

                            changes73.Forexample,anarticlesaysthatwhilevideogames

                            may condition the brainto pay attention to multiple stimuli, they can lead to

                            distractionanddecreasedmemory.Childrenwhoalwaysusesearchenginesmaybecome

                            very74butnot very good at remembering it. In addition, Ihe

                            article said, childrenwho use too much technology may not have enough

                            opportunities75orto read and think deeply about the material.

                            參考答案:

                            1-10A C B C BADABC

                            11-20DBACBDADBD

                            21-30ADDDCCCCDC

                            31-40DABDDCDBAA

                            41-50AADCBABADA

                            51-60CBCDDBCDAC

                            61-70BDABCABCAB

                            71-75CABAC

                            翻譯:

                            Whenitcomestopersonalfinance,wearealllookingforwaystosavemoremoney.Ourhousehold

                            budgetsarefilledwithbothbigandsmallexpensesthatweimaginecanbecutouttosaveus

                            38

                             

                            loadsofcashor,atthe veryleast,spentbetterelsewhere.Oneof thethingsyouhavesurely

                            consideredisusingpublictransportationratherthanyourownvehicle.Itwouldbeeasytoassume

                            thatpublictransportationischeaper,becausebusfareisfarlessexpensivethangas,butthose

                            arenotthe onlycoststoconsider.Take astepback toyourhighschooleconomicsclassand

                            trytorememberthelessonaboutopportunitycosts.These,asyoumightrecallifyouwereawake

                            forthatclass,arethethingsyougiveupwhenyouchooseoneoptionoverotheroptions,Although

                            theyarenotmeasuiedindollarsandcents,theystillhavetobeconsideredwheneveryoumake

                            afinancialdecision.

                            翻譯題譯文:

                            說到個人理財,我們總是想方設法去節省更多的錢。我們的家庭預算充滿了我們想象中可以節省的大大小

                            小的開支,或者至少他們能在別處花費得更好。你肯定考慮過的一件事是使用公共交通工具而不是你自己

                            的交通工具。人們很容易認為公共交通更便宜,因為公交車的票價遠低于汽油,但這并不是唯一需要考慮

                            的成本;氐侥愕母經濟學課堂,試著記起機會成本的教訓。如果你那堂課是清醒著的話,你可能會

                            想起,這些正是當你做出一個選擇時你所放棄的東西。盡管他們并不是用美元來衡量的,但是,他們是在

                            你做財務決定時仍然不得不考慮的事情。

                            作文:Whatmakehappycouplehappy?

                            With the rapiddevelopment of modem society, an increasing number of people arc

                            concernedabouttheproblemoftherelationshipbetweenahusbandandwifeinour

                            society.Notonlythegovernmentbutalsothepublichavetopaymoreattentionto

                            thisphenomenon.Undoubtedly,ithasbroughtaboutagreatinfluenceonpeople'swork

                            and living.

                            Basedonwhathasbeendiscussedsofar,itfollowsthatsomeeflectivesolutions

                            shouldbefoundtodealwiththeproblemoftherelationshipbetweentwopeople.On

                            theonehand,thecoupleshadbetterunderstandeachother'sdailyhabitssothat

                            theycanformthesameinterests,whichcanmakecouplesbecomehappy;ontheother

                            hand,nomatterhowclosetherelationshipisbetweentwopeople,weshouldgiveenough

                            roomtoeachotherbecausekeepingappropriatedistancecanmakethetwopeoplemore

                            comfortable. Only inthese ways can we solve this problem successfully and

                            eficctivcly.

                            Asfaras1amconcerned,norelationshipwillbefreeofdifficultyorconflict.

                            Thathappycoupleslivehappilyisbecausethattheyarcabletobothapologizeand

                            forgive facing withdifficulty or conflict.


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